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Department of Homeland Security

Disaster Housing that converts to Permanent Housing

Produce disaster housing units that meet the IBC (International Building Code), with a flat roof and pre-framed door and hallway openings that allows expansion modules and a permanent pitched roof to be added at a later date. In so doing, FEMA can leverage its investment in temporary housing to create long term permanent housing for impacted communities. The initial temporary base modules must be rapidly deployable, as are current FEMA housing units, and should be clearly temporary in appearance so as not to create a false sense of permanence. The permanent, expanded unit, however, should be indistinguishable from conventional housing to insure community acceptance. Unlike existing FEMA manufactured housing that has little residual value after the temporary use period and is considered undesirable for long term use by most communities, a unit designed as a base for a home that ultimately conforms to community standards will have a residual value greater than the extra cost associated with the enhanced structural integrity of the initial base module. This helps reduce the need for subsequent housing expenditures by other federal programs associated with disaster recovery, such as supplemental CDBG funding. The concept provides an easier avenue for non-profit housing providers such as Habitat for Humanity, Mennonite Disaster Services and others to provide the services required to convert the base modules into quality, permanent long tern housing. It will also accelerate the housing recovery period, in turn accelerating the overall disaster recovery. An illustration of the concept can be found at: www.association.net/exmod.pdf

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Idea No. 4178