For every day beyond September 30th that the Government Budget is not approved, all Congress members (House and Senate), the President, and his cabinet will lose a day’s pay without the ability to re-gain that pay. In any other job you are required to make decisions and stick to deadlines. Because of their inability to come to a resolution on the budget in a timely manner, often waiting until the last day or two to implement stop-gap, it wastes countless resources (both inside and outside the Government) in preparation for a potential furlough/stop-work. This fiscal year was extremely excessive and in an effort to "reduce" the budget they CAUSED more Government waste.
Therefore, to ensure that Government agencies are allowed to run in a manner which would allow them to cost-effectively utilize their budgets rather than scramble the second half of the FY, those that are responsible for setting the budget should be held personally accountable. And there is no better driver than hitting them in the pocketbook. With an average salary of $174,000 and ~535 Congress Members, rough math, that’s approximately $93M in salary per year. That would be approximately $358K per day savings. Though that seems like nothing in the grand scheme of the Government budget, the impact of not wasting Government and Contractor resources in anticipation of a Government shutdown is immense. If the decision makers felt a personal impact/pressure then they would be more apt to try and come to an agreement before the deadline, rather than skirt the line as they have been doing (prime examples are the FY11 budget and now the debt ceiling).
Additionally, these folks should start to just do their job because they thought it was best for the country, and not pockets of special interest voters to gain re-election. Senators keep the 6-year terms and House get’s 4. Campaigns for these groups can’t campaign more than 4 months. And the President cannot campaign for more than 6 months.