Department of Homeland Security

Combatting Major Floodings: Harnessing the 3 States of Water

From the catastrophic flooding caused by Katrina to the recent Disaster Declarations throughout the United States due to floorings, many Americans have lost their lives, family, homes and dreams. Mother Nature continues to attack with the ever increasing magnitude in strength of a major flood making all possible human efforts to halt its perilous path very difficult. Water is a liquid at ambient conditions, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state (water vapor or steam). Developing new ways for managing these three states of water (liquid, ice, gas/steam) could unlock many efficient ways to combat the tremendous force of flooding. When a flood occurs water already comes in its liquid form as the result of severe rains and river banks overflowing. The two remaining states (ice, gas) provide the initial key to managing floods. To illustrate, when a flood occurs normally water pumps are utilized to suck the water and dump it in another location. This method moved the water but the water has not gone away because it is now in a new place. For this reason, if the water pumps would dump the water onto a container that would freeze the water, the frozen water could be crush to cubes, and then dumped onto a container such as a truck that would haul it away just like they do for transporting liquid nitrogen. At this point, the newly frozen water could be hauled away to other states suffering from droughts or they could be melted and turned onto liquid state for arid areas or evaporated which is water's gaseous state but from a location that is far away from the disaster area. Being to manage water's three molecular states has a very strong possible to save the Government millions of dollars on efforts that simply move the water to a differnt location while still causing damage to the affected area.

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Idea No. 17304